Intense Pulsed Light is a technology where light is converted into heat energy. The selected light waves target chromophores (colour pigments) such as melanin (in hair, freckles, broken capillaries etc…). The light waves can also target specific protein molecules in acne bacteria and in collagen.
The IPL is an adaptation of laser, more suited to cosmetic uses. The biggest difference between laser and IPL, as far as treatment is concerned, is the coverage. The laser beam is very narrow, only covering a small spot at a time, while IPL coverage is several times the area, and therefore treatments are much quicker.
Lasers produce light from one specific wavelength, or colour, for a very specific target. While the light emitted from the IPL is composed of a spectrum of colours from different wavelengths enabling selective photo-absorption (light absorption) to different targets.
Intense Pulsed Light targets the colour pigment (melanin) in the hairs. Therefore white hairs cannot be treated, and fair hairs will have less success, and need more treatments. Fair skin and dark skin will give the best results, in the fewest amount of treatments.
Hair grows in three different cycles. First is Anagen, which is the active growth cycle. This stage is when the germinative cell is still attached to the papilla of the hair. The germinative cell is what provides the hair with blood and oxygen, allowing it to grow. IPL and laser hair removal will provide heat to the papilla in this cycle of hair growth and make it detach from the germinative cell. This is why only Anagen hairs will be
affected by the treatment, and why more treatments are necessary. Each
treatment will result in less new hair growth.
Second and third growth cycles are, Catagen, and Telogen. In these cycles the hair is no longer attached to the papilla, and are resting in the follicle, and ready to shed, when a new hair pushes the old hair out of the follicle.
Most important is no sun exposure for four weeks prior to treatment, and no fake tanner for 2 weeks prior to treatment.
Sun exposure creates a tan, which is extra melanin produced in the skin. This
creates a new target for the heat from the pulse, and can result in the skin
being over treated, which may result in hyper/hypo pigmentation, as well as
blisters. It also means that the hair may not even be treated, because the heat
dissipated into the skin.
Second most important is that you haven’t tweezed, waxed, sugared, or threaded for 4 weeks prior to treatment. This will allow for the most amount of hair being in the Anagen stage and being affected by the treatment. Please come with the area you would like to be treated clean shaven. Preferable the day before, in case of any razor irritation. If the area is in an area you cannot reach to shave yourself, we can provide a shaving service for you at a price at our discretion.
Bleach, depilatory creams, AHA creams or cleansers, Gloycolic acid, Salicylic acid, or retinol should not be used for one week before treatment. We must also make sure any medication you are on are not photo sensitive. Accutane must not have been used in the past year, before treatments.
For a minimum of 24 hours post treatment:
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